5,66 Mo, 13/04/2016
This thesis focuses on the study of population dynamics. It is devoted to the mathematical analysis and modeling of hematopoiesis, which is the process leading to the production and regulation of blood cells. The cell's population is seen as a continuous medium structured in age and space. We analyzed models of differential-difference system with discrete- and distributed -delay. These models can exhibit specific behaviors such as the existence of periodic solutions. Then we consider a space structuration and the diffusion of cells in such models, knowing that the space structure has not been widely studied in the case of hematopoiesis. A new model is obtained from the mathematical point of view. We studied the existence of traveling waves when the domain is unbounded. When the domain is bounded, the stability of stationary solutions and the existence of a Hopf bifurcation are obtained.